요미우리 보도, 비핵화시 대가를 로드맵으로 명시
핵심인 비핵화 조항에 김정은 "일방 요구"얼굴붉혀 지난 2월 베트남 하노이에서 열린 북ㆍ미 정상회담에서 미국 도널드 트럼프 대통령이 북한 김정은 국무위원장에게 5개 항의 합의문 초안을 제시했다고 일본 요미우리 신문이 6일 서울발로 보도했다.
한·미·일 협상 소식통을 인용한 보도에서 요미우리는 "한국전쟁 종전선언과 경제지원 등 북한이 비핵화에 응할 경우에 제공할 대가를 로드맵 형식으로 명시한 내용"이라고 전했다.
보도에 따르면 합의문 초안은 ①비핵화 조항②한국전쟁 종전선언③연락사무소 설치④대북경제지원⑤미군 유골 발굴 작업 개시로 이뤄졌다.
①비핵화에 대한 대가가 ②~④조항이다.
이중 ②~⑤는 정상회담 직전까지 이어진 실무급 협의에서 대강 합의를 이뤘지만, ①비핵화 조항의 내용에 대해선 합의가 이뤄지지 못했다.
미국측은 회담에 임하면서 ①비핵화 조항의 내용으로 ^북한 핵의 미국으로의 반출^모든 대량 파괴 무기, 탄도미사일, 발사대의 해체^모든 핵 활동의 동결과 핵 리스트 신고^핵 기술자의 상업분야로의 전환 등의 요구를 초안에 담았다.
초안은 비핵화 조치에 상응하는 대가를 로드맵 형식으로도 제시했다. 즉 북한이 영변의 핵시설을 완전히 폐기하면 미국이 종전선언과 연락사무소 설치에 응하고, ①비핵화조항을 완전히 이행하는 시점에서 제재를 해제하고 경제 지원을 하는 내용이었다.
이 로드맵은 핵 무기의 국외 반출뒤에 제재를 해제하는 소위 ‘리비아 방식’을 모델로 했을 가능성이 크다고 요미우리는 분석했다.
요미우리는 "미국은 합의로부터 1년이내에 미 테네시주의 저장시설로 북한의 핵 무기가 반출되기를 원한다"며 "테네시엔 리비아로부터 반출된 원심분리기 등을 보관하는 시설이 있다"고 보도했다.
회담에서 영어와 한글로 적힌 초안을 트럼프 대통령이 김 위원장에게 제시하자 김 위원장은 얼굴을 붉히며 "일방적으로 비핵화를 요구하는 미국의 주장은 받아들일 수 없다"고 반발했다고 요미우리는 전했다. 요미우리는 "김 위원장이 영변의 핵 시설 폐기에만 응할 자세로 일관해 회담이 결렬로 끝났다"고 했다.
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Piece of Paper, Trump Called on Kim to Hand Over Nuclear Weapons
WASHINGTON — On the day that their talks in Hanoi collapsed last month, U.S. President Donald Trump handed North Korean leader Kim Jong Un a piece of paper that included a blunt call for the transfer of Pyongyang's nuclear weapons and bomb fuel to the United States, according to the document seen by Reuters.
Trump gave Kim both Korean and English-language versions of the U.S. position at Hanoi's Metropole hotel on Feb. 28, according to a source familiar with the discussions, speaking on condition of anonymity. It was the first time that Trump himself had explicitly defined what he meant by denuclearization directly to Kim, the source said.
A lunch between the two leaders was canceled the same day. While neither side has presented a complete account of why the summit collapsed, the document may help explain it.
The document's existence was first mentioned by White House national security adviser John Bolton in television interviews he gave after the two-day summit. Bolton did not disclose in those interviews the pivotal U.S. expectation contained in the document that North Korea should transfer its nuclear weapons and fissile material to the United States.
The document appeared to represent Bolton's long-held and hardline "Libya model" of denuclearization that North Korea has rejected repeatedly. It probably would have been seen by Kim as insulting and provocative, analysts said.
Trump had previously distanced himself in public comments from Bolton's approach and said a "Libya model" would be employed only if a deal could not be reached.
The idea of North Korea handing over its weapons was first proposed by Bolton in 2004. He revived the proposal last year when Trump named him as national security adviser.
The document was meant to provide the North Koreans with a clear and concise definition of what the United States meant by "final, fully verifiable, denuclearization," the source familiar with discussions said.
The White House did not immediately respond to a request for comment. The State Department declined to comment on what would be a classified document.
After the summit, a North Korean official accused Bolton and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo of "gangster-like" demands, saying Pyongyang was considering suspending talks with the United States and may rethink its self-imposed ban on missile and nuclear tests.
The English version of the document, seen by Reuters, called for
(1)"fully dismantling North Korea's nuclear infrastructure, chemical and biological warfare program and related dual-use capabilities; and ballistic missiles, launchers, and associated facilities."
Aside from the call for the transfer of Pyongyang's nuclear weapons and bomb fuel, the document had four other key points.
(2) It called on North Korea to provide a comprehensive declaration of its nuclear program and full access to U.S. and international inspectors;
(3) to halt all related activities and construction of any new facilities;
(4) to eliminate all nuclear infrastructure;
(5) and to transition all nuclear program scientists and technicians to commercial activities.
The summit in Vietnam's capital was cut short after Trump and Kim failed to reach a deal on the extent of economic sanctions relief for North Korea in exchange for its steps to give up its nuclear program.
The first summit between Trump and Kim, which took place in Singapore in June 2018, was almost called off after the North Koreans rejected Bolton's repeated demands for it to follow a denuclearization model under which components of Libya's nuclear program were shipped to the United States in 2004.
Seven years after a denuclearization agreement was reached between the United States and Libya's leader, Muammar Gaddafi, the United States took part in a NATO-led military operation against his government and he was overthrown by rebels and killed.
Last year, North Korea officials called Bolton's plan "absurd" and noted the "miserable fate" that befell Gaddafi.
After North Korea threatened to cancel the Singapore summit, Trump said in May 2018 he was not pursuing a "Libya model" and that he was looking for an agreement that would protect Kim.
"He would be there, he would be running his country, his country would be very rich," Trump said at the time.
"The Libya model was a much different model. We decimated that country," Trump added.
The Hanoi document was presented in what U.S. officials have said was an attempt by Trump to secure a "big deal" under which all sanctions would be lifted if North Korea gave up all of its weapons.
U.S.-North Korean engagement has appeared to be in limbo since the Hanoi meeting. Pompeo said on March 4 he was hopeful he could send a team to North Korea "in the next couple of weeks," but there has been no sign of that.
Jenny Town, a North Korea expert at the Washington-based Stimson Center think tank, said the content of the U.S. document was not surprising.
"This is what Bolton wanted from the beginning and it clearly wasn't going to work," Town said. "If the U.S. was really serious about negotiations they would have learned already that this wasn't an approach they could take."
Town added, "It's already been rejected more than once, and to keep bringing it up ... would be rather insulting. It's a non-starter and reflects absolutely no learning curve in the process."
North Korea has repeatedly rejected unilateral disarmament and argues that its weapons program is needed for defense, a belief reinforced by the fate Gaddafi and others.
In an interview with ABC's "This Week" program after the Hanoi summit, Bolton said the North Koreans had committed to denuclearization in a variety of forms several times "that they have happily violated."
"We define denuclearization as meaning the elimination of their nuclear weapons program, their uranium enrichment capability, their plutonium reprocessing capability," Bolton said.
Asked who authored the document, Bolton said it had been "written at staff level and cleared around as usual."
(Reporting by Lesley Wroughton and David Brunnstrom; Editing by Mary Milliken and Will Dunham)